Olimpo (Olympus)

The Olympus was the abode of the gods of Greek mythology. Corresponds in reality to Mount Olympus in Thessaly, Greece.
At its peak, perpetually surrounded by clouds, there were the homes of the gods (called Olympians) constructed by Hephaestus. At the head of his large family was Zeus. The other gods were his wife, Hera, his brothers Poseidon (god of the sea) and Hades (god of Afterlife), his sister Hestia (goddess of the hearth) and children Athena (goddess of wisdom), Ares (god of war) Apollo (sun god), Aphrodite (goddess of love), Artemis (goddess of the moon and hunting) and Hephaestus (god of fire), Gaea (mother Earth), Demeter (goddess of wheat and agriculture) and Rhea (mother of Hades). According to mythology the banquets of the gods were entertained by the Muses and the festivities with nectar and ambrosia.


Zeus, the father of all gods and Lord of the universe, was often subject to violent passions, or outbursts of anger alternating with gestures of generosity and acts of great generosity. To become king of Olympus Zeus had to fight throughout his youth. He had to overthrow his father, fighting against the Titans, Typhon and the Giants and only when the world began to reign in peace, he decided to marry and to found his home on Mount Olympus.


Hera, twin sister and last wife of Zeus, born of Cronus and Rhea. The wedding was celebrated in Argolide, then Hera became queen of the gods on Olympus getting the same powers of sovereignty of her husband. The marriage, however, was not so happy, even though they loved each other. In fact, furious quarrels often arose because Hera did not indulge infidelity of her husband. Unlike Zeus, Hera was very faithful, but with a domineering, pushy and vindictive, all due to jealousy over her husband and the various suspects.


Athena was the goddess of the feminine arts of weaving, the spinning, the cook, and also the goddess of war, however, unlike Ares did not have a violent and aggressive. Unlike other gods, the goddess Athena was born without a mother, in fact, she was born coming out from the head of Zeus. She was worshiped as the protector of the city of Athens which gave the name, and where she was also called "Athena of the olive trees" because, it was this tree that the goddess did grow up around the walls of the city.


Aphrodite was the goddess of beauty and love, was born when Cronus overthrew his father, Uranus, with blows of a sickle. When the holy blood fell on the sea, the water began to boil, and was built on a shell and driven by Zephyr, Venus in all her splendor. Zeus, seeing the goddess took her adopted daughter on Mount Olympus as TCS but the hostility of the other goddesses. Aphrodite decided to devote himself only to fall in love all of you. She was the unfaithful wife of Hephaestus, had an affair with Ares, the god of war, Adonis and Anchises who gave birth to Aeneas, destined to found the civilization of the Romans.


Artemis to the Greeks, or Diana, for the Latins, twin sister of Apollo, was worshiped as a goddess of the hunt and moon light. Identical to her brother, she was armed with bow and arrows, with which he sowed hunted or pestilence. Artemis was worshiped and celebrated the same way in almost all parts of Greece, but the most important places of worship dedicated to her were in Delos (his native island), Brauron, Munichia (on a hill near the Piraeus) and Sparta. It was the virgin goddess of hunting, wildlife and forests. He was also worshiped as goddess of childbirth and fertility because it was said had helped her mother give birth to her brother Apollo. During the Classical period in Athens was identified with Hecate.


Hestia, in Greek mythology, was the goddess of the hearth fire that burns in every round. Hesiod tells how the eldest daughter of Cronus and Rhea, the eldest in the first generation of Olympians. His brothers and sisters, birth order, are: Demeter, Hera, Hades, Poseidon and Zeus. Hestia is the least known among the most important gods of ancient Greece. However, it was held in great honor, was invoked and received the best deal in every sacrifice to the gods that mortals had. He took a vow of chastity, not because she was beautiful, because both Poseidon and Apollo to Zeus asked his hand but, given the decision to remain a virgin sister and avoiding a possible competitor to the throne, rejected their proposals.


Demeter in Greek mythology is the goddess of grain and agriculture, constant nurse of youth and the green earth, creator of the seasons, life and death, marriage and protector of the sacred laws. In the Homeric Hymns is invoked as the "bringer of seasons", a faint hint of how she was worshiped for a long time before they claimed the worship of the Olympians.


Deities symbolizing the earth. Bride of Uranus, is the mother of the Titans, the Giants, Cyclops and the Erinyes. Revered as a goddess of the underworld, and in Athens, as the mother of Erichthonius, the ancestor of the Attic race. Often depicted half-length while leaving the ground. Corresponds to the Roman goddess Tellure.


She is the daughter of Uranus and Gaea (Heaven and Earth) married her brother Cronus. Birth to Zeus, the father hid him until he had become powerful enough to defeat him. Associated with fertility, was worshiped as benevolent divine mother.